You appear to want to purchase the Afghan rug in Surrey, but you are puzzled and disoriented by the little available information. Even if most rug dealers claim that the material and knot thickness are the most crucial aspects of handmade rugs, understanding this is insufficient.

Does the rug have a great knot density? For instance, are they good? Which kind of wool is best? What options are you left with? A few questions come to your mind while buying rugs from the modern rugs showroom. To assist you in understanding Afghan carpets and distinguish between the many materials of Afghan rugs, professionals have attempted to clarify everything in this article.

Where are the Afghan Rugs made?

The northern regions of Afghanistan are where most Afghan carpets are created. The Andkhoy town in Faryab is among the most well-known locations. In the same way, most Afghan Turkmen carpets are made in Kunduz, Balkh, Samangan, and Sheberghan. Technically speaking, the craftsmen in these areas are experts in making several kinds of Turkmen carpets.

Most contemporary rugs and kilims are made by craftsmen in the central Afghan districts of Bamyan and Ghazni. In addition, after returning from Iran in recent years, the artists carried the craft of Persian rugs with them.

Ghazni wool

The wool employed in Afghan carpets is known as Ghazni wool. Although not exclusive to this region, the wool is from Ghazni. The spinning and dyeing processes this wool goes through set it apart from other types of wool. Hands spin the wool after being shorn and cleaned by churning the wool so tightly throughout the hand mixing process. Wool is rotated into thread, and then the thread is dyed using natural dyes. Some areas of the thread absorb more colour than others due to the hand-spinning process.

Afghan rugs

Afghan rugs frequently employ merino wool, also referred to as Pakistani wool, which is a kind of sheep’s wool. Merino yarn is machine-spun, and because of this, it takes all the colours, preventing the Abrash effect. Merino wool undergoes a special treatment to become silky-smooth and soft, but it lacks the resilience of Ghazni wool.

Belgian wool

Belgian wool is premium wool imported from Belgium to Afghanistan. It possesses four essential qualities: softness, silky sheen, lightness, and durability. Additionally, it enables weavers to produce high knots and count every square inch of rugs, raising the rug’s standard. Belgian wool yarn has no Abrash effect since it flawlessly absorbs colours. This wool has recently gained popularity for use in hand-woven Afghan rug in Surrey. The most costly carpets, nevertheless, are made of Belgian wool.


Keeping it short, these are materials used for making Afghan rugs. Now that you know the materials, find them that suit your need.